dad teaching montessori style

Introduction to the Montessori at Home Learning Plan

Hey there, parents and caregivers!

Ready to dive into the fantastic world of Montessori without leaving your living room? You’re in the right place! Our Montessori at Home plan is perfect for families who want a hands-on, fun-filled approach to learning. Created by experts and designed especially for those without any formal teaching experience, this 4-week guide is all about making learning playful, relevant, and engaging.

Each activity in this plan is more than just a lesson; it’s an opportunity for your child to explore, wonder, and grow. And guess what? You’ll be right there alongside them, guiding, laughing, and maybe even learning something new yourself!

So, let’s roll up our sleeves, spark some joy, and embark on this exciting Montessori journey right at home. Adventure awaits!

Day 1: Introduction to Colors

  • Objectives:
  • Introduce primary colors.
  • Develop sorting and categorization skills.
  • Materials:
  • Colored cards in red, blue, and yellow.
  • Objects of various colors: toys, beads, crayons, etc.
  • Instructions:

  1. Begin with a calm environment. Perhaps play some soft instrumental music.
  2. Lay out the colored cards in front of the child.
  3. Introduce each color by pointing and naming: “This is red. Can you say red?”
  4. After introducing each color, lay out the objects that match that color.
  5. Ask the child to match objects with the corresponding color cards.

  • Parental Guidance:
  • Avoid correcting the child immediately if they match incorrectly. Instead, guide them to the correct answer by saying, “Let’s see if this is the right match.”
  • Engage them with questions like, “What else in the room is red?”
  • Celebrate small successes and encourage exploration.


Day 2: Introduction to Shapes

  • Objectives:
  • Recognize basic shapes.
  • Enhance cognitive and recognition skills.
  • Materials:
  • Shape cards of circle, square, and triangle.
  • Objects in various shapes: square blocks, round buttons, triangular items.
  • Instructions:

  1. Lay out the shape cards one by one.
  2. Introduce each shape: “This is a circle. Can you trace it with your finger?”
  3. After introducing, lay out the objects and ask the child to match them.

  • Parental Guidance:
  • Allow the child to trace and feel the shape. This tactile learning is crucial.
  • Encourage questions and discussions: “What else is shaped like a square?”
  • Don’t rush. The goal is comprehension, not speed.


Day 3: Sensory Play

  • Objectives:
  • Explore and differentiate between various textures and temperatures.
  • Materials:
  • Bowls of hot (warm but not too hot) and cold water.
  • A collection of rough (e.g., sandpaper) and smooth items (e.g., silk cloth).
  • Instructions:

  1. Start with the textures. Let the child feel the rough and then the smooth texture.
  2. Discuss the differences.
  3. Introduce the water bowls. Let them dip a finger in each and discuss the feelings.

  • Parental Guidance:
  • Always ensure the water is a safe temperature.
  • Encourage descriptive words: “Does the sandpaper feel bumpy? How does the silk feel?”
  • Be involved in the exploration, showing curiosity which will in turn inspire them.


Day 4: Number Introduction

  • Objectives:
  • Introduce numbers 1-3.
  • Understand the concept of quantity.
  • Materials:
  • Number cards 1, 2, and 3.
  • Counters (can be beads, beans, or small toys).
  • Instructions:

  1. Introduce each number card: “This is the number 1. Can you show me one finger?”
  2. Using the counters, show them the quantity each number represents.

  • Parental Guidance:
  • Make it fun. Maybe play a game of showing fingers for each number.
  • Introduce numbers in daily life: “Can you eat 2 cookies? Can you give me 3 toys?”


Day 5: Practical Life

  • Objectives:
  • Develop fine motor skills.
  • Foster a sense of independence.
  • Materials:
  • Spoon and tweezers.
  • Two bowls.
  • Beads or beans.
  • Instructions:

  1. Demonstrate how to transfer beads or beans between bowls using a spoon.
  2. Let them try. After a while, introduce tweezers for more precision.

  • Parental Guidance:
  • Celebrate the effort, not just the achievement. It’s okay if they spill some.
  • Discuss the importance of tasks: “Transferring beans helps you learn to hold things carefully.”
  • Always supervise, especially with small objects, to ensure safety.

 

Day 1: Advanced Colors – Mixing and Creating

  • Objectives:
  • Understand the concept of mixing primary colors to create secondary colors.
  • Enhance observation and prediction skills.
  • Materials:
  • Primary colored paints (red, blue, yellow).
  • Mixing palette or small dishes.
  • Paintbrushes.
  • White paper.
  • Instructions:

  1. Revisit the primary colors: red, blue, and yellow.
  2. Demonstrate mixing two primary colors (e.g., red + blue = purple).
  3. Allow the child to predict the outcome of other mixtures, and then let them try mixing themselves.

  • Parental Guidance:
  • Encourage descriptions: “What do you think will happen if we mix red and yellow?”
  • Celebrate the creation of new colors.
  • Keep the activity playful and exploratory. The focus is on discovery rather than precision.


Day 2: Introduction to Patterns

  • Objectives:
  • Recognize and replicate simple patterns.
  • Enhance sequencing skills.
  • Materials:
  • Beads or colored buttons in multiple colors.
  • String or a pattern board.
  • Instructions:

  1. Begin by laying out a simple pattern, like red-blue-red-blue.
  2. Ask the child to recognize and continue the pattern.
  3. Gradually introduce more complex patterns as the child progresses.

  • Parental Guidance:
  • Make patterns relatable: “Look, the pattern is like a song, repeating over and over!”
  • If the child struggles, break down the pattern and try simpler sequences.
  • Always emphasize the fun in the task, turning it into a game if possible.


Day 3: Exploring Nature – Leaf Shapes

  • Objectives:
  • Introduce the child to various types of leaves and their shapes.
  • Foster a love for nature.
  • Materials:
  • Various leaves from local trees or plants.
  • Blank papers and crayons for leaf rubbings.
  • Instructions:

  1. Go on a nature walk and collect different leaves.
  2. Discuss the different shapes, sizes, and textures of the leaves.
  3. Do leaf rubbings by placing a leaf under a paper and using a crayon to gently rub over it, revealing its shape.

  • Parental Guidance:
  • Turn the nature walk into an adventure, discussing the environment and the role of leaves in nature.
  • Ask open-ended questions: “Why do you think this leaf is so big?”
  • Ensure that children handle nature with respect, reminding them to only take fallen leaves and not to pluck them.


Day 4: Introduction to Sounds and Rhythms

  • Objectives:
  • Recognize different sounds and their sources.
  • Develop listening skills.
  • Materials:
  • Various musical instruments or objects that make noise (drum, bell, shaker).
  • Music tracks with different rhythms or sounds.
  • Instructions:

  1. Play different sounds and ask the child to identify them.
  2. Introduce rhythms by clapping or tapping, and ask the child to replicate.
  3. Play music tracks and encourage the child to move or dance to the rhythm.

  • Parental Guidance:
  • Emphasize the joy of music and sound.
  • Make the activity interactive by having a “sound guessing game”.
  • Share your favorite sounds or songs and ask the child about theirs.


Day 5: Practical Life – Pouring and Transferring Liquid

  • Objectives:
  • Develop motor skills related to pouring.
  • Foster a sense of independence.
  • Materials:
  • Two pitchers or jugs.
  • Water and optionally some food coloring for visual effect.
  • Instructions:

  1. Demonstrate how to pour water from one pitcher to another.
  2. Allow the child to try, starting with small amounts and gradually increasing as they gain confidence.

  • Parental Guidance:
  • Expect some spills and be prepared. Emphasize that it’s okay and it’s part of learning.
  • Discuss the importance of tasks: “Pouring helps you learn control and precision.”
  • Supervise to ensure safety, especially if using glass pitchers.

 

Day 1: Introduction to Sizes – Big and Small

  • Objectives:
  • Differentiate between big and small objects.
  • Develop comparative skills.
  • Materials:
  • Objects of varying sizes: big and small balls, large and tiny books, long and short ropes, etc.
  • Instructions:

  1. Lay out pairs of objects, each differing in size.
  2. Point to each object, emphasizing their size: “This is a BIG ball. This is a SMALL ball.”
  3. Encourage the child to identify and group objects based on their size.

  • Parental Guidance:
  • Use real-life examples: “Look at the big tree outside and the small plant here.”
  • Ask questions like, “Which one would fit in your pocket?”
  • Appreciate their observations and correct them gently if necessary.


Day 2: Exploring Weights – Heavy and Light

  • Objectives:
  • Understand the concept of weight and differentiate between heavy and light.
  • Materials:
  • Different objects with varying weights: a feather, a book, a toy, a stone, etc.
  • Instructions:

  1. Hand the child different objects and let them feel the weight.
  2. Discuss the difference: “The stone feels heavy, doesn’t it? But the feather is so light!”
  3. Ask the child to arrange objects based on their perceived weight.

  • Parental Guidance:
  • Focus on the sensory experience, ensuring the child really feels the weight.
  • Play guessing games: “Which one do you think is heavier?”
  • Relate to everyday activities: “When we pick up groceries, some bags are heavy and some are light.”


Day 3: Introduction to Animals and Their Habitats

  • Objectives:
  • Identify different animals and the places they call home.
  • Materials:
  • Animal figurines or flashcards.
  • Pictures or illustrations of various habitats: forests, oceans, deserts, etc.
  • Instructions:

  1. Show the child an animal figurine or card.
  2. Discuss where the animal lives and some unique aspects of its habitat.
  3. Encourage the child to match each animal with its corresponding habitat.

  • Parental Guidance:
  • Share interesting facts about each animal or personal experiences if you’ve seen them.
  • Make the learning multi-sensory, using videos or sounds of animals if available.
  • Encourage empathy for animals: “How do you think the lion feels in the jungle?”


Day 4: Experimenting with Magnets

  • Objectives:
  • Understand the basic principles of attraction and repulsion in magnets.
  • Develop curiosity about the physical world.
  • Materials:
  • Different types of magnets.
  • Various objects: metal, plastic, wood, etc.
  • Instructions:

  1. Introduce the concept of magnets and how they can attract certain objects.
  2. Let the child explore by bringing the magnet close to different objects.
  3. Discuss the findings: “Notice how the magnet sticks to the spoon but not the toy?”

  • Parental Guidance:
  • Encourage predictions: “Do you think this will stick to the magnet?”
  • Explain the science simply: “Magnets like things that have metal in them.”
  • Ensure safety by supervising that small magnetic objects aren’t swallowed.


Day 5: Practical Life – Folding and Organizing

  • Objectives:
  • Develop skills for everyday tasks.
  • Instill a sense of order and discipline.
  • Materials:
  • Clothes, handkerchiefs, or paper for folding.
  • Instructions:

  1. Show the child how to fold an item neatly.
  2. Encourage them to try folding themselves and organize the folded items in stacks or groups.

  • Parental Guidance:
  • Make it a fun game: “Let’s see how neat we can make this!”
  • Relate to their own experiences: “After we wear our clothes, we fold them and keep them away.”
  • Compliment their efforts, emphasizing the importance of neatness and order.

 

Day 1: Understanding Shapes

  • Objectives:
  • Recognize different shapes and their characteristics.
  • Develop spatial awareness.
  • Materials:
  • Shapes cut out of cardboard or paper: circle, square, triangle, rectangle, etc.
  • Shape sorters or puzzles.
  • Instructions:

  1. Introduce each shape by its name and discuss its characteristics (e.g., “A triangle has 3 sides.”).
  2. Allow the child to trace, play, and experiment with the shapes.
  3. Encourage the child to fit each shape into its corresponding slot in the sorter or puzzle.

  • Parental Guidance:
  • Incorporate shapes into daily life: “Look at the rectangular door or the circular plate.”
  • Ask questions: “Can you find any triangles in the room?”
  • Offer praises for correct identifications and gently guide when they’re unsure.


Day 2: Exploring the Sense of Taste

  • Objectives:
  • Understand the basic tastes: sweet, salty, sour, and bitter.
  • Enhance sensory awareness.
  • Materials:
  • Various food items representing each taste: sugar/honey, salt, lemon, dark chocolate or a bitter vegetable.
  • Instructions:

  1. Explain that our tongue can taste different flavors.
  2. Let the child taste each food item and discuss the sensation.
  3. Ask them to categorize or recall each taste after sampling all.

  • Parental Guidance:
  • Encourage verbal descriptions: “How does the lemon taste? Is it like the sugar?”
  • Use caution with potential allergens or choking hazards.
  • Make it fun by turning it into a guessing game or a sensory adventure.


Day 3: Introduction to the Concept of Time

  • Objectives:
  • Gain a basic understanding of time, using concepts like morning, afternoon, and night.
  • Materials:
  • A simple analog clock or a day-night toy dial.
  • Pictures illustrating different times of the day: sunrise, midday, sunset, night.
  • Instructions:

  1. Discuss the daily routine in terms of time: waking up, having lunch, bedtime, etc.
  2. Show how the clock or toy dial represents these times.
  3. Encourage the child to relate activities to times of the day using the clock or pictures.

  • Parental Guidance:
  • Use relatable examples: “When the big hand is at 12, and the little hand is at 7, it’s bedtime.”
  • Be patient, as the concept of time is abstract for young children.
  • Reinforce learning by referring to times throughout the day: “Look, it’s afternoon now. See where the sun is?”


Day 4: Understanding Weather

  • Objectives:
  • Recognize different weather conditions.
  • Develop observation skills.
  • Materials:
  • Pictures or illustrations of various weather types: sunny, rainy, cloudy, snowy, etc.
  • (Optional) Weather-themed storybooks or videos.
  • Instructions:

  1. Discuss different types of weather using the pictures.
  2. Encourage the child to describe what they see and feel on different days: “What’s the weather like today?”
  3. (Optional) Read a story or watch a video related to weather.

  • Parental Guidance:
  • Make it a habit to observe the weather together daily.
  • Encourage the child to express how different weather makes them feel.
  • Connect weather to activities: “It’s sunny; should we go to the park?” or “It’s raining; let’s get our umbrellas.”


Day 5: Practical Life – Planting a Seed

  • Objectives:
  • Understand the basics of plant growth.
  • Develop care and responsibility for another living thing.
  • Materials:
  • A small pot or cup.
  • Soil.
  • Seeds (e.g., sunflower, beans).
  • Watering can.
  • Instructions:

  1. Discuss how plants grow from seeds.
  2. Demonstrate planting the seed in the soil and watering it.
  3. Allow the child to plant their own seed and take responsibility for watering it regularly.

  • Parental Guidance:
  • Talk about the patience needed for a plant to grow.
  • Share the importance of sunlight, water, and care for plant growth.
  • Encourage daily check-ins on the plant: “Let’s see how our plant is doing today!”


 

Recommended Posts